The Scottish Fold

The breed was first created in 1961 by a Scottish breeder in Scotland on his farm. One of the farmer cats there, "Susie" had folded ears and with crossbreeding with the British Shorthair and domestic cats a breed population was built up after registration of the female. All globally-occurring registered Scottish poultry-cats descend from this one cat. The cause of the ears being folded is not, as in the case of the dog, innocent, but is a side-effect of an autosomal dominant gene which in heterozygous form can cause variably progressively progressing deformations to the cartilage in the extremities of the animal ( ears, legs and tail) and in homozygous form leads to a heavily crippled animal with a limited life expectancy.
 
Breeders do not cross animals that both have folded ears because statistically, a quarter of the offspring are very disabled.

In Europe the British Shorthair is the preferred partner for a Scottish Folded Ears, in America both British Shorthair and American Shorthair are used.

From such a combination statistically fifty percent offspring come with the cartilage deformation which also often has the desired folding ears and fifty percent animals without this deviation. For each animal that has the Fd gene, the degree of progressivity changes in the development of the deformation. The kittens with the Fd gene get the desired folded ears about 21 days after birth.

The degree of deformation of the ears is variable. The shape deformation of the ear can lead to a single fold, a double or a triple, with the small ears touching the head. In extreme cases, the ear can even be affected to such an extent that there is hardly any visible ear shell and only some rudimentary bone and cartilage tissue are present under the coat. In the course of time, abnormalities of the other extremities can also appear (legs, tail and elsewhere in the body). How fast and how progressively this process takes place varies per animal. At the end of life an animal can be affected at several places in the body. Good breeders also do not use animals with standing ears (straights) from a parent with folded ears because they may have the cartilage deformation but it does not or does not show clearly in the ears.

Muis & Zoë - photo 2014


Puck - photo 2017

Personality

This peace-loving, non-dominant cat is social with companions and dogs.
Soft, very friendly, cuddly and very playful, he loves family life. Discreet, with a soft voice. Powerful and with great resistance, it is an excellent hunter.

Weekly brushing is required.
During the moult his woolly coat will have to be combed regularly. The ears deserve special attention. To avoid skeletal malformations, it is better not to cross two cats with folded ears.
Scottish Folds are crossed with cats with straight ears such as the British Shorthair or the American Shorthair.

The characteristic folded ears only become visible after 3-4 weeks and the degree of folding only takes place after 5-6 weeks.

Appearance

  • Head

Round. Sphere forehead. Rounded cheeks. Full cheeks are allowed in adult males. Wide, short nose. Light stop allowed. Beautiful rounded snout. Round whisker pads. Solid chin.

  • Ears

Small, folded forward, almost flat against the head as if wearing a cap. Far apart with rounded tops.

  • Eyes

Large, round, quite far apart. The color is in harmony with the coat color.

  • Body

Medium sized, stocky, rounded, well muscled. Medium bones

  • Feet & Feet

Their length is in line with the rest of the body. Medium bones. Round, compact feet.

  • Tail

No longer than two-thirds of the length of the body. Wide at the base, descending to a rounded end. Extremely supple and flexible

  • Coat

Two varieties:
- Short, thick, closed, dense, woolly and strong hair.
- Half-length: this variety is called the Highland Fold.

  •  Colors

All colors are allowed except Chocolate, lilac and the Siamese pattern.

Bink & Beer - photo 2017